Subscribe · Contact us; Quick links The Ikhwan al-Safa’ (Brethren of Purity) were the anonymous adepts of a tenth-century and assimilation of their monumental encyclopaedia, the Rasa’il Ikhwan al-Safa’ (Epistles of the Brethren of Purity). Rasa’il-e-Ikhwan-us Safa (Epistles of Brethren of Purity) have been considered an encyclopaedic work of 3rd or 4th century of Islam. This work consists of The name Ikhwan al‑Safa was assumed by a group of libres penseum who cultivated .. The Ikhwan al‑Safa supplied us with data which enable us to construct.

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International conference in honour of Paolo Lucentini, Naples 6—7 november Instrumenta Patristica et medievalia, 58Brepols: Whenever the senses come in touch with sensible bodies, their temperament undergoes a change which is safq soon, together with the abstract forms of those sensible bodies, to the imaginative zone in the front part of the brain.

No anthropomorphic attribute or action should be ascribed to Him. Enhanced bibliography for this entry at PhilPaperswith links to its database. The Encyclopedia of Religion. Wright,Epistles The authors’ view of embryology Epistle 25 is also a collection from different sources.

Sciences should be the main topic in the first and the second sections and, partially, in the third, and theology in the rest of the corpus. Edjegodnik islamskoj filosofii Moskva4: God is the most beloved as the everlasting cause of all beings. Good, for the masses, is that which religion has enjoined, and evil, that which religion has prohibited. You should know, my brother, that no one will be able to know the modalities of the influences of these stars and their acts upon whatever exists in this world in terms of bodies, spirits and souls except those who are firmly established in science, those who have attained a high degree in knowledge, those who examine the divine sciences and [those] who are supported by the support of God and by the inspiration they get from Him.


The movement of the planets was explained by the rotation of the outer sphere clockwise: Aristotle, Introduction to Aristotle Selectionsed.

At-Tauhidi also reports in this connection the opinion expressed by Abu Sulaiman al-Mantiqi, his master, on the Rasa’il and an argument between a hs al-Hariri, another pupil of al-Mantiqi, and Saf Sulaiman al-Maqdisi about the respective roles of Revelation and Philosophy. The Pythagorean idea of the one as the principle of numbers, and not as a number itself explains that God is the origin of beings, and not a being like others. A man of standing should be a kind of a ruler in his community.

Ikhwân al-Safâ’

Epistle 31, III,11—12 are opposed. The group had four grades in which its members were placed generally according to their age.

W hile there ud lots of interesting details, like the aberrant planetary metals listing, what is more significant about the epistles of the Ikhwan al-safa is the glimpse into a world different from that of the modern magic user ihwan even the Solomonic grimoires of the later Middle Ages and early modern periods.


Nor could they be influenced, in this respect, by Greek writers. There should be no compulsion in religion; compulsion should be affected only through the laws. The Platonic references are religiously rather than philosophically oriented.

Brethren of Purity – Wikipedia

Author Information Diana Steigerwald Email: God created it directly, necessarily, without break, and with no need for movement or effort. Weight, they say, is nothing but the mutual attraction and mutual repulsion in the face of resistance. Their history and doctrinesSecond Edition, Cambridge: It has a strong and varied effect on all souls.

Recent studies on aspects of this work by Baffioni b, It manifests itself in the sun through which is animated the whole sublunary material world. The way in which the treatises follow one another is often inconsistent.

Istituto Universitario Orientale — Guida. T his is a very interesting listing of planetary metals, quite unlike the “standard” listng of Saturn, lead; Jupiter, tin; Mars, iron; Sun, gold; Venus, copper; Mercury, mercury; Moon, silver. A history of Islamic Philosophy.

Each book develops different topics:.