was addressed, was Luis de Santangel, who had deeply inter- ested himself in the project of Columbus and had advanced money to enable Queen Isabella to. Stock Photo Download CARTA DE CRISTOBAL COLON A LUIS DE SANTANGEL TESORERO DE LOS REYES CATOLICOS – SIGLO XV. Author. Items Letter of Columbus to Luis de Santangel, dated 15 February x Print . [5 lines] / fecha ha quato[r]ze dias de marzo: / Esta Carta en bio Colom.
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Columbus connects the monsters story to lluis local legend about a tribe of female warriorswho are said to inhabit the island of “Matinino” east of Hispaniola “first island of the Indies, closest to Spain”, possibly referring to Guadaloupe. He described the islands, particularly Hispaniola and Cuba, exaggerating their size and wealth, and suggested that mainland China probably lay nearby. Columbus may have sought this island of women out precisely to confirm his location March and Passman, It is highly probable, albeit uncertain, that Columbus sent the letter from Lisbon to the Spanish court, probably by courier.
This other, Hispaniola, is larger in circumference than all Spain from Catalonia to Fuentarabia in Biscay, since upon one of its four sides I sailed one hundred and eighty-eight leagues from west to east. Therefore I hope that their Highnesses will decide upon the conversion of these people to our holy faith, to which they seem much inclined. His first bull on the matter, Inter caeteradated May 3,was indecisive. It was apparently soon realized that the islands probably lay below the latitude boundary, as only a little while later, Pope Alexander VI issued a second bull Eximiae devotionis officially dated also May 3, but written c.
A corrected Roman edition was printed by two different publishers in late —one by Stephen Plannck again, the other fe Frank Silber known as Argenteus.
He notes it as being “beyond comparison” with the Canary Island, Tenerife. On June 12, Columbus famously gathered his crew on Evangelista island what is now Isla de la Juventudand had them all swear an oath, before a notary, that Cuba was not an island but indeed the mainland of Asia and that China could be reached overland from there. It is now increasingly believed that the Latin edition printed in Rome is actually a translation of the letter to Santangel, and that the letter to the Monarchs was never translated nor printed.
The choice luos Gabriel Sanchez may, however, have been at Luis de Santangel’s recommendation or initiative.
The Letter of Columbus to Luis De Sant Angel Announcing His Discovery
Columbus, of course, was in the middle of preparing for his second journey. Frustrated by the pope, John II decided to deal with the Spanish directly.
On September 24,Christopher Columbus departed on his second voyage to the west Indies, with a massive new fleet. Collection delivery service resumes on Wednesday 2 January Even should he change his mind and wish to quarrel with my men, neither he nor his subjects know what arms are, nor wear clothes, as I have said.
But our Redeemer has given victory to our most illustrious King and Queen, and to their kingdoms rendered famous by this glorious event, at which all Christendom should rejoice, celebrating it with great festivities and solemn Thanksgivings to the Holy Trinity, with fervent prayers for the high distinction that will accrue to them from turning so many peoples to our holy faith; and also from the temporal benefits that not only Spain but all Christian nations will obtain.
It was common for royal and commercial agents to accost and interview returning sailors in the docks, so the Portuguese king would likely have the information he sought soon enough.
File:Carta Colon manuscrito – Wikimedia Commons
The land there is elevated, with many mountains and peaks incomparably higher than in the centre isle. Columbus says the monsters are reported to be long-haired, very ferocious, and “eat human flesh” “los quales comen carne humana”. It was possibly fear of the interception of the courier from Lisbon by Portuguese agents that prompted Columbus to introduce some disinformation in his letter.
Santangel had been the person who made the case to, and persuaded, Queen Isabella to sponsor Columbus’s voyage eight months earlier. A slightly different version of Columbus’s letter, in manuscript form, addressed to the Catholic monarchs of Spain, was found inpart of the Libro Copiador collection, and has led to some revision of the history of the Columbus letter.
The Latin version was swiftly disseminated and reprinted in many other locations— BaselParisAntwerpetc. In the letter, Columbus urges the Catholic monarchs to sponsor a second, larger expedition to the Indies, promising to bring back immense riches.
And as for the natives? They have no religion, nor idolatry, except that they all believe power and goodness to be in heaven. For other evaluations of this find, see HenigeDavidson and Edney rev.
No opposition for the claim means that there won’t be any fighting to keep it from somebody else who wants it at least for the time being.
Moreover, as the letter indicates, Columbus sought more financing to return with an even larger fleet to the Indies as soon as possible, so it would be useful to contact Santangel immediately, so he could set santange wheels in sanyangel for a second voyage.
The idea that Columbus puts forth about receiving no opposition from the native people of the islands when he puts down a banner to claim the land for Spain is kind of silly to me. On the Internet since July 4, Lus never refuse anything that is asked for.
I forbade worthless things being given to them, such as bits of broken bowls, pieces of glass, and old straps, although they were as much pleased to get them as if they were the finest jewels in the world. Newer Post Older Post Home. To learn more about Copies Direct watch this short online video. Advanced search Search history. The pope assigned the Crown of Castile “all lands discovered by their envoys” i. Dated on the “islas de Canaria” February 15, The rights, treaties and bulls pertain only to the Crown of Castile and Castilian subjects, and not to the Crown of Aragon or Aragonese subjects.
At every point where I landed, and succeeded in talking to them, I gave them some of everything I had — cloth and many other things — without receiving anything in return, but they are a hopelessly timid people. But another possibility is that the Aragonese bureaucracy made a copy of Santangel’s letter, and forwarded a copy to Sanchez for his information, and that this letter found its way to Italy by some channel, with or without royal permission a fragment of an Italian translation suggests the treasurer sent a copy to his brother, Juan Sanchez, then a merchant in Florence.
Well, what experience do they have that would allow them to understand that the placing of Spain’s banner on the land thus claimed it for the country? All the Latin editions omit the endings found in the Spanish edition to Santangel—i. Four are in the modern Bahamas: He compares lush and well-watered Hispaniola as more favorable to settlement than mountainous Cuba. They are x worse looking than the others, except that they wear their hair long like women, and use bows and arrows of the same cane, with a sharp stick at the end for want of iron, of which they have none.
In all the Indies I always found the temperature like that of May. Postscript within the letter Since writing the above, being in the Sea of Castile, so much wind arose south southeast, that I was forced to lighten the vessels, to run into this port of Lisbon to-day which was the most extraordinary thing in the world, from whence I resolved to write to their Highnesses.
The published Latin versions of the letter are almost all titled “Letter of Columbus, on the islands of India beyond the Ganges recently discovered”. Santangwl on the “islas de Canari.
And in truth the sun has extreme power here, since it is within twenty-six degrees of the equinoctial line.